The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Intro to Federal Census Research

1810 Census Facts
Series: M252 Rolls: 1 - 71.

  • Third U.S. decennial population census.
  • U.S. population: 7.2 million (6.0 million free, 1.2 million slave)
  • Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  • Census day: 1st Monday in August (6 August 1810).
  • Mandated copies: One set, sent to the federal district court. Same copy ordered sent to the U.S. Secretary of State in 1830.
Information Provided on 1810 Census:
  • Names of family head
  • if white, age and sex
  • race
  • slaves.


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