The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Intro to Federal Census Research

1830 Census Facts
Series: M19 Rolls: 1 - 201.


  • Fifth U.S. decennial population census.
  • U.S. population: 12.9 million (10.9 million free, 2.0 million slave)
  • Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Secretary of State.
  • Census day: 1 June 1830.
  • Mandated copies: Two sets, one sent to the federal district court, the other to the Secretary of State. This was the first federal census to supply enumerators with uniform, printed forms for recording names.
Information Provided on 1830 Census:
  • Name of family head
  • age
  • sex
  • race
  • slaves
  • deaf and dumb
  • blind
  • foreigners not naturalized.


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