The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Intro to Federal Census Research

1850 Census Facts
Series: M432 Rolls: 1 - 1009.


  • Seventh U.S. decennial population census.
  • U.S. population: 23.2 million (20.0 million free, 3.2 million slave)
  • Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Census Office appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
  • Census day: 1 June 1850.
  • Mandated copies: Three sets, one to the county court, a second to the secretary of the state (or the territory) and the last to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Information Provided on 1850 Census:
  • Name
  • age
  • sex
  • race
  • whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic
  • value of real estate
  • occupation
  • birthplace
  • whether married within the year
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • whether a pauper or convict.
  • Supplemental schedules for slaves, and persons who died during the year


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