The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Intro to Federal Census Research

1860 Census Facts
Series: M653 Rolls: 1 - 1438.


  • Eighth U.S. decennial population census.
  • U.S. population: 31.5 million (27.5 million free, 4.0 million slave)
  • Census conducted by U.S. marshals under the direction of the Census Office appointed by the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
  • Census day: 1 June 1860.
  • Mandated copies: Three sets, one to the county court, a second to the secretary of the state (or the territory) and the last to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Information Provided on 1860 Census:
  • Name
  • age
  • sex
  • race
  • value of real estate
  • value of personal estate
  • occupation
  • birthplace
  • whether married within the year
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • whether deaf and dumb
  • blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict
  • number of slave houses.
  • Supplemental schedules for slaves, and persons who died during the year.


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