The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Intro to Federal Census Research

1880 Census Facts
Series: T9 Rolls: 1 - 1454.


  • Tenth U.S. decennial population census.
  • U.S. population: 50.2 million
  • Census conducted by the Superintendent of the Census (Census Office, U.S. Department of the Interior).
  • Census day: 1 June 1880.
  • Mandated copies: Two sets, one an abbreviated version to the county court, full version to the Superintendent of the Census.
Information Provided on 1880 Census:
  • Address
  • name
  • relationship to family head
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status
  • month of birth if born within the census year
  • occupation
  • months unemployed during the year
  • sickness or temporary disability
  • whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled
  • school attendance
  • literacy; birthplace of person and parents.
  • Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year.


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