The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project

Native Americans of
The Five Civilized Tribes

, Native American Coordinator

NATIVE AMERICAN INDEX  THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES

Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminole
Freedmen of The Five Civilized Tribes
Following the Civil War, many former slaves of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory claimed citizenship. Such citizenship was important to establish their right to remain on the land and to share in annuity and other payments.

1848-1860 Annuity Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
NARA35      

Read about: THE DAWES COMMISSION

Index to Applications  ( Act of 1896 )
Applications from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee Area Office, Relating to Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes Under the Act of 1896. Applicants included Indians by blood; spouses of Indians, although the spouses themselves were not Indians by blood; and freedmen who had formerly belonged to members of the Five Civilized Tribes. On the last roll of microfilm are miscellaneous files and applications that were received too late for consideration. These records are not included in the index on roll 1. The original records are housed in the National Archives-Southwest Region, Fort Worth, TX.
Index Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
M1650-l      

Choctaw and Chickasaw Applications Duplicates (Act of 1896)
Application # Reel # Transcription Status Transcriber
Abels-Cobb, Charley M1650-13    
Cobb, George S.-Goings M1650-14    
Goins-Kemp, Emily M1650-15    
Kemp, Jesse-Nelson M1650-16    
Nesmith-Spring, Olive A. M1650-17    
Spring, Sallie-Miscellaneous M1650-18    

Dawes: Choctaw-Chickasaw Memos, 1898-1914
( Act of 1902 )
Application # Reel # Transcription Status Transcriber
Index M1186-172    
1-145 M1186-172    
146-305 M1186-173    

Dawes: Index to the Final Rolls and Final Rolls
of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914

Final Rolls
This microfilm publication reproduces the enrollment cards prepared by the staff of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes  (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole)  between 1898 and 1914. The commission enrolled individuals as  "citizens" of a tribe under the following categories: Citizens by Blood, Citizens by Marriage, New Born Citizens by Blood (enrolled under an act of Congress approved March 3, 1905, 33 Stat. 1071), Minor Citizens by Blood (enrolled under an act of Congress approved April 28, 1906, 34 Stat. 137), Freedmen (former black slaves of Indians, later freed and admitted to tribal citizenship), New Born Freedmen, and Minor Freedmen. Delaware Indians adopted by the Cherokee tribe were enrolled as a separate group within the Cherokee. Within each enrollment category, the commission generally maintained three types of cards: "Straight" cards for persons whose applications were approved, "D" cards for persons whose applications were considered doubtful and subject to question, and "R" cards for persons whose applications were rejected. Persons listed on "D" cards were subsequently transferred to either "Straight" or "R" cards depending on the commission's decisions. All decisions of the commission were sent to the Secretary of the Interior for final approval. An enrollment card, sometimes referred to by the commission as a "census card", records the information provided by individual applications submitted by members of the same family group or household and includes notation of the actions taken. The information given for each applicant includes name, roll number (individual's number if enrolled), age, sex, degree of Indian blood, relationship to the head of the family group, parents' names, and references to enrollment on earlier rolls used by the commission for verification of eligibility. The card often includes references to kin-related enrollment cards and notations about births, deaths, changes in marital status, and actions taken by the commission and the Secretary of the Interior. Within each enrollment category, the cards are arranged numerically by a "field" or "census card" number which is separate from the roll number. The index to the final rolls, which is reproduced on roll 1 of this publication, provides the roll number for each person, while the final rolls themselves provide the census card numbers for each enrollee. No indexes have been located for the majority of the "D" and "R" cards. There are a few Mississippi Choctaw "Identified" and "Field Cards" as well as some Chickasaw "Cancelled" that refer to persons never finally enrolled.
Index
Reel #
Tribe Transcription Status Transcriber(s)
M1186-1 Cherokee  (238-496)   Complete  Cecilia Church,
Reneè Ingram,
Sandy Onbey,
Bernice Raymond,
Marnicia McCarty Coffey
Chickasaw  (167-237) Delorra
Choctaw  (1-154) Delorra, Dianne Petersen, Sandy Onbey
Creek  (497-615)   Complete  Bernice Raymond
Seminole  616-635) Sandy Onbey, Delorra
Mississippi Choctaw (155-166) Dianne Petersen
Errata  (1-3) Delorra

Final Rolls of Citizens & Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory, 1907, 1914
The rolls were prepared by the Commission and the Commissioner to the Five Civilized Tribes and submitted to the Secretary of the Interior for approval as provided by several acts of Congress. Both approved and disapproved names are included. Most rolls give name, age, sex, degree of Indian blood, and roll and census card number of each individual. This series is arranged by name of tribe and thereunder divided into rolls for citizens by blood, citizens by marriage, and freedmen. There are also rolls for the Mississippi Choctaw and the Delaware Cherokee. In many of the groups there are separate rolls for minor children and newborn babies. The names on the rolls are arranged numerically by roll numbers.
Nation(s) Index Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
Choctaw and
Chickasaw
T529-1      
Cherokee T529-2      
Creek and
Seminole
T529-3      

Index to Rejected Applicants
Application jackets of the Five Civilized Tribes who were ultimately rejected. This index may be incomplete.
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA-24      

1910 Payment to intermarried whites
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA80-1      

Native American Index  |  Transcription Status Explanation


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Information updated on Saturday, 10-Sep-2011 18:32:56 CDT