The USGenWeb Census Project
The USGenWeb Census Project
Cherokee
Native Americans of the Five Civilized Tribes

, Native American Coordinator

NATIVE AMERICAN INDEX THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES  CHEROKEE

1817-19 Eastern Cherokee Reservation Rolls
A register of the Cherokees who chose to accept a 640 acre reservation in the east according to the Treaty of July 8, 1817. This land was to revert to the state upon their death or abandonment of the property.
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
M208-13
(A21)
     

1817-1838 Eastern Cherokee Emigration Rolls and Muster Rolls
Recorded the Cherokee who chose to "emigrate"  to the Arkansas Indian Territory according to the Treaty of July 8, 1817.  In 1828, the Cherokees ceded their Arkansas lands for land in Oklahoma. Usually only heads of families are listed, but often there is some information about other members. Some rolls are indexed
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
M208-13
(A23)
     

1835 Index to the Henderson Roll of Eastern Cherokee
According to the Treaty New Echota of December 29, 1835, the Cherokees surrendered all their lands east of the Mississippi River in exchange for  $5 million, some funds for moving, and land in the Oklahoma Indian Territory. The Henderson Roll is the first listing of the of 16,000 Cherokees living in Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, and North Carolina who were to be removed to the Indian Territory on what would later be called the "Trail of Tears". Lists head of household; number of Indians listed as fullbloods, halfbreeds, quarterbloods; whites; occupations; number of slaves; number of descendants of reservees; whether they read English or Cherokee; ownership of homes, farms, mills, etc.
Reel #
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Transcriber
T496-1 (NARA)
~or~
FHL film: 833322
     

1848 Mullay Roll of North Carolina Cherokee
A listing of 1,517 Cherokees who remained in North Carolina after the removal of 1839. The purpose of the roll was not to enumerate all Cherokee in North Carolina, but only those who were eligible for certain payments. The "Indian Appropriations Act of 1848" stipulated that those Cherokee who had been living in North Carolina when the "Treaty of New Echota" had been ratified, and who had not removed West or received money for such a move, were entitled to $53.33 each for any future emigration to the Cherokee Nation. John C. Mullay was appointed to take the Cherokee Census and received detailed instructions to NOT include on the census any Indian born after May 23, 1836 ( when the "Treaty of New Echota" was ratified ), nor any white who had intermarried with a Cherokee after that date. He was to include the living heirs of those who qualified but had died since 1836.
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7RA06      

1851 Old Settlers Roll of Western Cherokee
Recorded those Cherokee (still living)  who had emigrated to the Oklahoma Indian Territories before the 1839
"Trail of Tears". Arranged by tribal town and family groups. Guion Miller used this roll in compiling the 1910 record.
Read More Information.
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
M685-12
(7RA-23)
     

1851 Siler Rolls of Eastern Cherokee
A census of the Cherokee Nation in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Washington DC, and Georgia entitled to per capita payment. Siler added interesting family information on many of the enrollees - who was married to whom, who a child belonged to, full-blood, mixed, or white married to Cherokee. If there is no race noted beside the name, the person was Indian. If a White man or woman was married to a Cherokee prior to the Treaty of 1835 they are listed with their family. If they were married afterwards, the husbands were usually noted as heads of the household, while women's names were not noted and the children's names had lines drawn through them at a later date. Includes later applicants and those rejected.
Reel #
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Transcription Status
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7RA-06      
M685-12 Index      
1854 Supplement to Siler Roll
M685-12      

1851 Chapman Roll of Eastern Cherokee
Recorded the Eastern Cherokee who actually received the government payment based on the Siler 1851 Eastern Census. This roll, prepared by Albert Chapman, followed almost immediately after the Siler Roll and was a result of many the complaints by various Cherokees of having been omitted by Siler. Guion Miller used the Chapman rolls in determining who was eligible to be admitted to the Roll of 1909. He made notes on the Chapman rolls signifying the 1909 Miller Application number of descendants of particular families. These notations are listed beside the individual's name and enclosed in brackets [ ] .
Reel #
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Transcriber
M685-12    

1852 Drennen Roll of  "Emigrant"  Cherokee
Prepared by John Drennen as the first listing of the Cherokee who were
forced to emigrate to the Oklahoma Indian Territories in 1839 on the "Trail of Tears".
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA-01      
M685-12 Index      

1867 Cherokee Delaware Census
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2138-1
(7RA73)
     

1867 Powell Roll of Cherokee
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
A29      

1867 Tompkins Roll of Cherokee
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA04      

1869 Swetland Roll of Eastern Cherokee
Recorded the Eastern Cherokees, and their descendants, who were listed on the 1848 Mullay Roll as residing in North Carolina. S.H. Swetland prepared this roll pursuant to an 1868 act of Congress for a removal payment authorization.
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Transcriber
       

1880 Cherokee Census, Schedules 1-6
Authorized by an Act of the Cherokee National Council of December 3, 1879
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2072-1
(7RA07-1)
     
P2072-2
(7RA07-2)
     
P2072-3
(7RA07-3)
     
P2072-4
(7RA07-4)
     

1880 Lipe Payment Roll
No Index
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2098-1
(7RA33-1)
     
P2098-2
(7RA33-2)
     

1881-1882 Cherokee Students
Film & Roll #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA91      

1881 Roll of North Carolina Cherokees who removed to Cherokee Nation
Film & Roll #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2139-1
(7RA74-1)
     

1883 Cherokee Census
Authorized by an Act of the Cherokee National Council
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2094-1
(7RA29-1)
     
P2094-2
(7RA29-2)
     
1897 Copy of the 1883 Census (Sequoyah District missing)
P2121-1
(7RA56-1)
     
P2121-2
(7RA56-2)
     
P2121-3      

1883 Payment Roll
No index - roughly alphabetical
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2122-1
(7RA57-1)
     
P2122-2
(7RA57-2)
     
P2122-3
(7RA57-3)
     

1884 Hester Roll and Index of Eastern Cherokee
Joseph G. Hester prepared this roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee in 1883. Copies of the previous census were made available to Hester and he was required to account for all persons on the previous rolls by either including them on the new roll, noting their deaths on the old rolls or describing their whereabouts as unknown either to Mr. Hester or any of the Native Americans. This roll lists 2,956 persons residing in North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, Virginia, Illinois, Kansas, Colorado, Kentucky, New Jersey, and California. Those living west of the Mississippi and listed by Mr. Hester were descendants of members of the Eastern Band and had no affiliation with the Cherokee Nation in the west. Information includes ancestors, Chapman Roll Number, age, English name, and Indian name.
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
M685-12
(frames 622-798)
     

1886 Cherokee Census
Authorized by an Act of the Cherokee National Council
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA58-1      
7RA58-2      

1887-1889 Lists of Persons Rejected for Cherokee Citizenship
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2137-1
(7RA72-1)
     

1890 Cherokee Census, Schedules 1-6
No Index
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA08-1      
7RA08-2      
7RA08-3      
7RA08-4      
7RA08-5      
7RA08-6      

1890 Cherokee Payroll
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2124-1
(7RA59-1)
     
P2124-2
(7RA59-2)
     
1897 Copy of the 1890 Payroll
P2125-1
(7RA60-1)
     
P2125-2
(7RA60-2)
     
P2125-3
(7RA60-3)
     

1893 Cherokee Census
Includes Delawares, Shawnees, and Freedmen
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2119-1
(7RA54-1)
     
P2119-2
(7RA54-2)
     

1894 Starr Payment Roll and Index
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2103-1
(7RA38-1)
     
P2103-2
(7RA38-2)
     
P2103-3
(7RA38-3)
     
P2103-4
(7RA38-4)
     
P2103-5
(7RA38-5)
     

1892-1906 Cherokee in the Cherokee Outlet [Cherokee Strip]
Payment roll and index
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA262-1      
7RA262-2      
7RA262-3      
7RA262-4      
7RA262-5      

1895 Old Settlers Roll
This payment roll was based on the 1851 Old Settler Roll and lists
each payee's 1851 roll number, name, age, sex, and post office address.
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
T985-2
(7RA34)
     
T985-1 Index 1896      

1896 Cherokee Census
Film & Roll #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2084-1
(7RA19)
     
P2136-1 Index
(not including
Freedmen)
(7RA71)
     

1896 Cherokee Applications (Act of 1896)
M1650, rolls 21-54
Applications from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Muskogee Area Office, Relating to Enrollment in the Five Civilized Tribes Under the Act of 1896. Applicants included Indians by blood; spouses of Indians, although the spouses themselves were not Indians by blood; and freedmen who had formerly belonged to members of the Five Civilized Tribes. On the last roll of microfilm are miscellaneous files and applications that were received too late for consideration. These records are not included in the index on roll 1. The original records are housed in the National Archives-Southwest Region, Fort Worth, TX.

1896 Cherokee Citizenship Cases
Index and Dockets A-C
Reel #
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Transcription Status
Transcriber
7RA70-1      
7RA70-2      

1898-1914 Dawes: Western Cherokee Applications
M1301
468 rolls
The Dawes Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes was established in 1898 to enroll individuals as citizens of one of the five tribes. When the governments of the Five Civilized Tribes were dissolved in 1908, the U.S. Government granted parcels of their land to qualified native individuals. Many white persons had married Native Americans, and thus were eligible for land. The enrollment records of the Dawes Commission were used to determine eligibility for land. The applications are grouped first according to tribe, and relationships such as "by blood" or "minor," and finally numerical order.
The commission reviewed the enrollment applications and abstracted the information onto cards known as Enrollment Cards for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914. The applications contain additional information not abstracted to the census cards, filmed in M1186, Enrollment Cards of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914, and are numbered according to a different set of numbers. The application number may be obtained from the census card in M1186. These records document about 101,000 Native Americans.

1898-1914 Dawes Roll of Western Cherokee
M1186, rolls 2-38; Index: M1186-1
Enrollment (Census) Cards of the Five Civilized Tribes. The information given for each applicant includes name, roll number (individual's number if enrolled), age, sex, degree of Indian blood, relationship to the head of the family group, parents' names, and references to enrollment on earlier rolls used by the commission for verification of eligibility. The card often includes references to kin-related enrollment cards and notations about births, deaths, changes in marital status, and actions taken by the commission and the Secretary of the Interior. [The final roll of the western Cherokee. The roll ended the Cherokee Nation and allotted the land to the roll signers. This roll is the basis for tribal membership in the Cherokee Nation.]

1898-1939 North Carolina Cherokee Census
Reel # Years
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
M595-22 1898-99, 1904, 1906, 1909-12, 1914      
M595-23 1915-22      
M595-24 1923-29      
M595-25 1930-32      
M595-26 1933-39      

1906-1909 Guion Miller: Eastern and Western Cherokee
Applications of the U.S. Court of Claims
M1104
348 rolls
In 1906, the U.S. Government appointed Guion Miller to compile a roll of Eastern and Western Cherokees eligible for compensation (more than $1 million) from the government for lands taken in the 1830s. Applicants had to document their lineage back to an Eastern Cherokee living in the 1830s and prove that they had not affiliated with any other tribe. Over 45,000 applications that document about 90,000 Cherokees living about 1910 are in Eastern Cherokee Applications, 1906-1909.
Guion Miller used the Chapman rolls (which had referenced the Siler Rolls) in determining who was eligible to be admitted to the Miller Roll (1909). He made notes on the Chapman rolls signifying the Miller Application number of descendants of particular families. These notations are listed beside the individual's name and enclosed in brackets [ ] . He also used the Old Settlers roll of 1851, the 1851 Drennon roll, and the Hester roll of 1884.
The applications required each claimant to state full English and Indian names, residence, age, place of birth, name of husband or wife, name of tribe, and names of children. It also required information on the claimant's parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters, uncles, and aunts. The index to the applications is arranged alphabetically by name (either English or Indian) of claimant. While numerous individuals applied, not all the claims were allowed. ( Index on FHL film# 378594 )

1907 Index to Rejected Cherokee Applicants
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2089-1
(7RA24-1)
     

1908 Churchill Roll of Eastern Cherokee
Additional roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
which included a list of those rejected from the Eastern Band.
Reel #
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Transcriber
       

1906-1910 Guion Miller Report and Roll
of Eastern and Western Cherokee

M685, 12 rolls
This publication includes Guion Miller's report and his supplemental report as well as the roll of Eastern Cherokee. Records of the Eastern Cherokee Ancestry in the U.S. Court of Claims. Cherokees (east and west) excluding the "Old Settlers" who were effected by numerous treaty violations and might be eligible for a monetary award as a result of the treaty violations. Includes the names of all persons applying for compensation arising from the judgment of the United States Court of Claims on May 18, 1905, for the Eastern Cherokee tribe.
In his report of May 28, 1909, Miller stated that 45,847 separate applications had been filed, representing a total of about 90,000 individual claimants, 30,254 of whom were entitled to share in the fund. The information included on the index is the application number, the name of the applicant, and the State or Territory in which the individual resided at the time the application was filed.

1910 Cherokee Equalization Payroll with Index
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2146-1
(7RA82-1)
     
P2146-2
(7RA82-2)
     
P2146-3
(7RA82-3)
     
P2146-4
(7RA82-4)
     

1917-1918 Register of Indians in World War I
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
P2292-1
(7RA-347)
  Linda Simpson

1924-1931 Baker Roll of Eastern Cherokee
The final roll of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee in anticipation of allotment. The land was not allotted and the reservation still exists. The roll contains the name, birth date, Eastern Cherokee Blood quantum and roll number of the base enrollees.
The Baker Roll Revised is the currant membership Roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina.
Reel #
Images
Transcription Status
Transcriber
A35   Alli

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Information updated on Tuesday, 07-Feb-2012 13:08:39 CST